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Fatalities Jump as More People Ride Bikes

iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) — More Amer­i­cans in recent years are bik­ing as a means of stay­ing fit and reduc­ing trans­porta­tion costs. How­ever, the down­side to this phe­nom­e­non is that more bik­ers are also dying on U.S. roads.

The Gov­er­nors High­way Safety Asso­ci­a­tion reports that between 2010 and 2012, the num­ber of bicy­clists involved in fatal col­li­sions with vehi­cles jumped 16 per­cent from 621 to 722.

The researchers wouldn’t say con­clu­sively that an increase of peo­ple on bikes was directly related to a jump in deaths although the signs cer­tainly point in that direction.

Dur­ing the first year the asso­ci­a­tion com­piled fig­ures in 1975, there were just over 1,000 deaths as the result of crashes involv­ing cars. Back then, the over­whelm­ing major­ity of peo­ple killed were under 20 years old. Today, most of those killed are over 20.

The study also showed that two out of three bicy­clists killed in 2012 were not wear­ing helmets.

Another dis­turb­ing find­ing is that 25 per­cent of bik­ers over the age of 16 who died had been drink­ing alco­hol with many at or over a blood alco­hol level of 0.08 per­cent, which is legally drunk.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Modern Communication Is Essential to Healthy Family Relationships

iStock/Thinkstock(LAWRENCE, Kan.) — While par­ents might com­plain that their kids are too involved with tech­nol­ogy, their chil­dren might pos­si­bly have a big­ger gripe that mom and dad don’t know much about today’s many modes of communication.

In that case Uni­ver­sity of Kansas’ Jen­nifer Schon hap­pens to side with the younger gen­er­a­tion. She says if par­ents really want to under­stand their kids bet­ter, they need to enhance their com­mu­ni­ca­tion skills.

Upon ask­ing grown chil­dren ages 18 to 29 how they share and exchange infor­ma­tion with their folks using vir­tu­ally every­thing from land­lines to Snapchat, the respon­dents of a sur­vey said their rela­tion­ships grew stronger based on how many chan­nels of com­mu­ni­ca­tions were used.

Tak­ing into account that some par­ents have a hard time com­mu­ni­cat­ing with their chil­dren, Schon con­tends that using social net­works and other tech­nolo­gies can cer­tainly help.

Mean­while, when asked to pick the bet­ter com­mu­ni­ca­tor out of their par­ents, the major­ity said their moms, mainly because they were usu­ally eas­ier to get in con­tact with than their dear old dad.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Researchers Consider Bluetooth Technology as Means of Monitoring Athletes' Hearts in Real Time

Ingram Publishing/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Researchers in Ger­many were able to used portable elec­tro­car­dio­grams and Blue­tooth tech­nol­ogy to study how marathon run­ners’ hearts are stressed dur­ing a race.

The study, pub­lished in the Euro­pean Jour­nal of Pre­ven­tive Car­di­ol­ogy, looked at data from 10 run­ners con­tin­u­ously dur­ing a marathon. The data col­lected via Blue­tooth was com­pa­ra­ble to that gath­ered by the EKG attached to the run­ner. One-hundred per­cent of heart abnor­mal­i­ties found by the direct EKG were also found via Bluetooth.

Researchers won­der whether the tech­nol­ogy could hold impli­ca­tions for real-time mon­i­tor­ing of ath­letes, per­haps work­ing to pre­vent sud­den car­diac arrest.

The study was small, in that it only looked at 10 run­ners, and col­lect­ing data on thou­sands of run­ners at an event like the upcom­ing New York Marathon could be dif­fi­cult, requir­ing hun­dreds of car­di­ol­o­gists and putting a strain on cell phone towers.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Study: Mammography Plus Tomosynthesis More Effective at Preventing False-Positive Breast Cancer Diagnoses

monkeybusinessimages/iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — A study par­tially sup­ported by the National Can­cer Insti­tute found that while more expen­sive, women with dense breasts are bet­ter served by receiv­ing a mam­mo­gram com­bined with a process called tomosyn­the­sis than a mam­mo­gram alone.

The study, pub­lished in the jour­nal Radi­ol­ogy, found that adding the tomosyn­the­sis to a stan­dard mam­mo­gram can reduce over-diagnosis of breast can­cer in women ages 50 to 74 with dense breasts. Researchers used data from the NCI’s Breast Can­cer Sur­veil­lance to com­pare the effec­tive­ness of the two screen­ing options.

The tomog­ra­phy and mam­mog­ra­phy com­bined pre­vented 405 false diag­noses per 1,000 women through 12 rounds of screen­ing, accord­ing to the study.

This method, researchers say, while more expen­sive than just a stan­dard mam­mo­gram, could elim­i­nate unnec­es­sary diag­nos­tic work-ups and inva­sive pro­ce­dures — and the costs that accom­pany them — that result from false-positive diagnoses.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Kaci Hickox Won't Follow Maine Ebola Quarantine Rule, Lawyer Says

Hand­out Photo(FORT KENT, Maine) — Kaci Hickox, the nurse who was quar­an­tined at a New Jer­sey hos­pi­tal despite exhibit­ing no Ebola symp­toms after arriv­ing from West Africa, won’t fol­low the quar­an­tine imposed by Maine offi­cials, her attor­ney said Tues­day night.

Going for­ward she does not intend to abide by the quar­an­tine imposed by Maine offi­cials because she is not a risk to oth­ers,” her attor­ney Steven Hyman said. “She is asymp­to­matic and under all the pro­to­cols can­not be deemed a med­ical risk of being con­ta­gious to anyone.”

Hickox will abide by all the self-monitoring require­ments of the Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion and the state of Maine, Hyman said.

Maine requires that health care work­ers such as Hickox who return to the state from West Africa remain under a 21-day home quar­an­tine, with their con­di­tion actively mon­i­tored, Gov. Paul R. LeP­age said in a statement.

We will help make sure the health care worker has every­thing to make this time as com­fort­able as pos­si­ble,” he said.

Hickox left Uni­ver­sity Hos­pi­tal in Newark Mon­day after­noon and was taken to Maine, where she lives.

Hickox, 29, was the first per­son forced into New Jersey’s manda­tory quar­an­tine after arriv­ing at Newark Lib­erty Inter­na­tional Air­port Fri­day. She had pre­vi­ously treated Ebola patients in Sierra Leone for Doc­tors With­out Bor­ders, but never reg­is­tered a fever, leav­ing no med­ical rea­son to keep her quar­an­tined, another of her attor­neys, Nor­man Siegel, told ABC News.

She was held in a tent struc­ture out­side of Uni­ver­sity Hospital.

Her civil rights were vio­lated,” Siegel said. “At a min­i­mum, she could bring an action for dam­ages. But I think her goal is to try to revise the cur­rent poli­cies with regard to, for exam­ple, manda­tory quarantines.”

Siegel crit­i­cized New Jer­sey and New York gov­er­nors Chris Christie and Andrew Cuomo for enact­ing quar­an­tine poli­cies, despite crit­i­cisms from the Obama admin­is­tra­tion and med­ical experts that the mea­sures were unnecessary.

When you look at what hap­pened and how it hap­pened, you come away with the sense that this pol­icy was based on fear and pol­i­tics rather on med­ical fact, and we can’t have the politi­cians direct­ing these kinds of impor­tant issues,” Siegel said.

Dr. Anthony Fauci, direc­tor of the National Insti­tute of Allergy and Infec­tious Dis­eases, said that the fed­eral gov­ern­ment has estab­lished Ebola guide­lines that are “based on solid sci­ence,” but he declined to clas­sify states’ quar­an­tine efforts as a mistake.

I don’t want to use the word ‘mis­take’ because I think when peo­ple do things, the gov­er­nor of New York, the gov­er­nor of New Jer­sey, they’re doing it in good faith to try and do what they feel is the best for their con­stituents,” Fauci said in an inter­view with Good Morn­ing Amer­ica. “What we’re try­ing to do is set the bar that’s based on sci­en­tific data, but that’s not to crit­i­cize or to put down a deci­sion that an offi­cial might make want­ing to go the extra mile. That’s just judg­ment on their part.”

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio

Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Researchers Say Milk May Not Be as Effective at Strengthening Bones as We Think

capdesign/iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Researchers in Swe­den believe that milk may not be as effec­tive in help­ing women build stronger bones, and that in some cases the sug­ars in milk may increase stress on bones.

The study, pub­lished in the British Med­ical Jour­nal, looked at dairy con­sump­tion among over 106,000 sub­jects, includ­ing 61,433 women. The researchers then fol­lowed the male sub­jects’ health for 11 years and the females’ med­ical health for 20 years. Women who drank three glasses of milk or more each day had no reduc­tion in their risk for frac­tures, and may have even shown a slightly increased risk for break­ing a hip.

Men who drank higher quan­ti­ties of milk, by con­trast, did not show any increased risk of fracture.

Look­ing at sub­jects who ate milk prod­ucts like yogurt and cheese found that those prod­ucts were asso­ci­ated with decreased risk of both frac­tures and death. Researchers believe that lac­tose and D-galactose — sug­ars present in milk but not yogurt or cheese — may increase oxida­tive stress and inflam­ma­tion in bones. That could, in turn, increase risk of fractures.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Women May Be More Likely Than Men to Ignore Heart Attack Symptoms

michaeljung/iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Researchers at the Har­vard School of Pub­lic Health say that women may ignore the symp­toms of a heart attack for too long.

Heart dis­ease is the most com­mon cause of death for Amer­i­can women, but researchers say that in study­ing men’s and women’s responses to chest pain, women were slower to seek med­ical atten­tion. Chest pain is a sign of a pos­si­ble heart attack, and the study, pre­sented at the Cana­dian Car­dio­vas­cu­lar Soci­ety Meet­ing, found that women were 1.5 times as likely to wait until their symp­toms got worse before seek­ing med­ical help.

While both men and women ini­tially were uncer­tain that chest pain was related to a heart attack, women in the study stayed in the denial phase longer. In some cases, researchers said, women waited for oth­ers to tell them to seek help before going to a doctor.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Creator of Polio Vaccine Would Have Turned 100 on Tuesday

Google(NEW YORK) — Happy birth­day, Jonas Salk, who got a Google doo­dle on Tuesday.

The man who dis­cov­ered the polio vac­cine would have cel­e­brated his 100th birth­day on Tuesday.

Salk was born in 1914 in New York City. He died in 1994 at age 80, accord­ing to the Salk Institute.

Salk was the direc­tor of the Virus Research Library at the Uni­ver­sity of Pitts­burgh when he real­ized he could kill the polio virus with formalde­hyde but still have it trig­ger an immune response.

Polio was an epi­demic in the U.S. for many years, lead­ing to paral­y­sis in thou­sands of peo­ple. In 1955, the vac­cine Salk devel­oped went pub­lic and Salk was hailed a hero. The epi­demic was stopped in its tracks.

Salk never patented the vac­cine, and didn’t earn any money from it.

He founded the Salk Insti­tute in 1967, devoted to the study of bio­log­i­cal sciences.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio