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Look Inside Isolation Ward Where Nina Pham Was Treated for Ebola

National Insti­tutes of Health(BETHESDA, Md.) — Sim­ple beige walls and the Spar­tan fur­nish­ings is what Ebola patient Nina Pham lived with dur­ing the eight days she was treated at the iso­la­tion block of the National Insti­tutes of Health.

ABC News got a look inside the spe­cially designed unit, one of only four facil­i­ties in the coun­try spe­cially designed to han­dle a con­ta­gion of Ebola’s level. This one was designed in 2010 to cope with the threat of out­breaks for dis­eases such as Influenza or SARS, and then adapted for Ebola.

A small antecham­ber with neg­a­tive air-pressure sep­a­rates the cor­ner room where Pham was treated from the rest of the block, known as the Spe­cial Clin­i­cal Stud­ies Unit.

NIH’s infec­tious dis­ease direc­tor, Dr. Anthony Fauci, demon­strated the facil­ity and com­plex bio­haz­ard suits used by its clinicians.

It can take over 10 min­utes to assem­ble the apparel known as PPE, for Per­sonal Pro­tec­tive Equip­ment, and roughly a dozen sep­a­rate pieces go into it. From mul­ti­ple lay­ers of the spe­cial repel­lant cloth known as Tyvek to wire­less radio trans­mit­ters and a res­pi­ra­tor, the dizzy­ing process of don­ning and remov­ing the gear — known as doff­ing — is designed to never expose the wearer to con­t­a­m­i­nated material.

The pro­ce­dure is so com­plex that a spe­cially trained observer stands by to super­vise with a lengthy checklist.

There are vari­a­tions of this process,” Fauci said as two clin­i­cians donned and doffed behind him. “So if some group doesn’t do it exactly like this it doesn’t mean it’s wrong. This is just best for us.”

This process is not an easy process. The one thing you want to be sure of is that you are at your most fatigued when tak­ing off your mate­r­ial, when you are doff­ing. And that’s when you are most vul­ner­a­ble of being infected, so that’s why you do it very, very care­fully,” he said.

Pham was released last week after eight days under super­vi­sion at the cen­ter. She was diag­nosed on Oct. 11 after con­tract­ing the deadly virus in the process of treat­ing Thomas Eric Dun­can, the first to bring the dis­ease to Amer­i­can soil, at a Dal­las hos­pi­tal. Dun­can died from the virus.

The dis­ease, for which there is no proven antibi­otic cure, has killed thou­sands since this year’s out­break began in West Africa.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Five Tips to 'Fall Back' from Daylight Saving Time 2014

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — What’s bet­ter than sleep­ing in on a Sun­day? How about dodg­ing the days-long con­se­quences of rolling the clocks back this weekend?

Day­light Sav­ing Time ends this week­end, which means that most res­i­dents in the coun­try return to Stan­dard Time at 2 a.m. Sun­day. To do so, most peo­ple set the clocks back one hour Sat­ur­day night, before they hit the hay. This does not apply to you if you live in most of Ari­zona or Hawaii, where it’s always island time.

Sure, you’ll gain an hour when Day­light Sav­ing Time ends at 2 a.m. Sun­day. But spend­ing said hour in bed after sun­rise will do you few favors in the long run, sleep experts say.

It will hit you Sun­day evening,” said Dr. Yosef Krespi, direc­tor of the New York Head and Neck Institute’s Cen­ter for Sleep Dis­or­ders. “But if your body clock is tuned to wak­ing up with sun­light, you’re going to benefit.”

The body clock is a clus­ter of neu­rons deep inside the brain that gen­er­ates the cir­ca­dian rhythm, also known as the sleep-wake cycle. The cycle spans roughly 24 hours, but it’s not precise.

It needs a sig­nal every day to reset it,” said Dr. Alfred Lewy, direc­tor of Ore­gon Health and Sci­ence University’s Sleep and Mood Dis­or­ders Lab­o­ra­tory in Portland.

The sig­nal is sun­light, which shines in through the eyes and “cor­rects the cycle from approx­i­mately 24 hours to pre­cisely 24 hours,” said Lewy. But when the sleep-wake and light-dark cycles don’t line up, peo­ple can feel out-of-sync, tired and grumpy.

With time, the body clock adjusts on its own. But here are a few ways to help it along:

1. Wake Up at a Nor­mal Time Sun­day Morning

Many peo­ple see the extra hour as an excuse to stay up later and sleep in longer. But sleep­ing through the Sun­day morn­ing sun­light can leave you feel­ing out of sorts for the start of the week, accord­ing to Krespi.

Instead, try to get up at the same time. Use the extra hour to go for a morn­ing walk or make a hearty breakfast.

2. Eat Well and Exercise

Speak­ing of morn­ing walks and break­fast, an active lifestyle and a healthy diet can work won­ders for your sleep, accord­ing to Krespi. So grab your part­ner, your dog or your favorite playlist and get out­side some fresh air and exer­cise. And dig into a break­fast packed with whole grains and pro­tein to keep you ener­gized through the 25-hour day.

3. Get a Good Night’s Sleep Sun­day Night

Still have extra time to kill Sun­day? Use it to turn your bed­room into a full-fledged sleep zone.

It has to be quiet, it has to be cool and it has to be dark,” said Krespi. “Shut down your gad­gets and turn away that alarm clock so you don’t watch it tick.”

Try to hit the sack at your usual bed­time, even though it will be dark one hour earlier.

4. Try a Low Dose of Melatonin

While light syn­chro­nizes the body clock in the morn­ing, the hor­mone mela­tonin updates it at night. The exact func­tion of the hor­mone, pro­duced by the pea-size pineal gland in the mid­dle of the brain, is unclear. But it can acti­vate mela­tonin recep­tors on the neu­rons of the body clock, act­ing as a “chem­i­cal sig­nal for dark­ness,” Lewy said.

Tak­ing a low dose of mela­tonin in the evening can help sync the sleep-wake and light-dark cycles. But be care­ful: Although mela­tonin is sold as a dietary sup­ple­ment, it can cause drowsi­ness and inter­fere with other drugs. Talk to your doc­tor about the dosage and tim­ing that’s right for you.

5. Know That Your Body Will Adjust

It might take a few days to feel 100 per­cent nor­mal, but fear not: Your body will adjust to the new light-dark cycle.

Some peo­ple suf­fer more, some peo­ple less, it all depends,” said Krespi, adding that falling back in Novem­ber tends to be eas­ier than spring­ing for­ward in March. “On Mon­day morn­ing, we’ll appre­ci­ate that we’re wak­ing up for work or school with sunlight.”

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Teal Pumpkins Indicate Food Allergy Awareness This Halloween

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Of all the bizarre things kids and adults might see on Hal­loween are pump­kins painted the color of teal on people’s stoops.

If that’s the case, the lit­tle ones expect­ing candy might be dis­ap­pointed because it means that home is par­tic­i­pat­ing in “The Teal Pump­kin Project,” mean­ing no sweet treats.

The project is described by a group call­ing itself Food Allergy Research and Edu­ca­tion as pro­mot­ing “safety, inclu­sion and respect of indi­vid­u­als man­ag­ing food aller­gies — and to keep Hal­loween a fun, pos­i­tive expe­ri­ence for all.”

While it’s cer­tainly a very seri­ous issue, the group isn’t out to ruin a fes­tive occasion.

Rather than hand out candy, FARE rec­om­mends that par­ents offer other fun stuff, includ­ing stick­ers, glow sticks or other knick-knacks that com­mem­o­rate Halloween.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

How to Get College Credit for Wasting Time on the Internet

iStock/Thinkstock(PITTSBURGH) — Wast­ing time on the Inter­net is an Amer­i­can obses­sion. It also hap­pens to be the name of a course at the Uni­ver­sity of Pitts­burgh taught by pro­fes­sor Ken­neth Goldsmith.

He says that the course is basi­cally a rebut­tal to the gloom– and doom-sayers who con­tend that all the time spent on the Inter­net doing basi­cally noth­ing con­tributes to the dumbing-down of the nation.

Yet, Gold­smith says noth­ing could be fur­ther from the truth and to prove his point, stu­dents who take “Wast­ing Time on the Inter­net,” which is required of cre­ative writ­ing majors, will have to spend three hours per class inter­act­ing through chat rooms, social media and other platforms.

Their goal by the end of the ses­sion, accord­ing to the prof, is to find “sub­stan­tial works of lit­er­a­ture” online to show that it’s not such a waste of time after all.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Working Moms Have It Tougher than You Think

Dig­i­tal Vision/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Many women who care for chil­dren while hold­ing down a job are feel­ing over­whelmed by the stress of try­ing to bal­ance both impor­tant responsibilities.

In a sur­vey of 1,000 work­ing moms by care.com, which helps par­ents find and man­age fam­ily care, women report work­ing an aver­age of 37 hours a week while spend­ing another 80 hours on child care, house­hold chores and other matters.

Accord­ing to the sur­vey, more than a third say “they’re always falling behind” while two-thirds “imag­ine that oth­ers are more together than they are.”

It’s no won­der than that one in four work­ing moms report that they cry alone at least once a week.  About 30 per­cent say they also get into a fight at least once a week with their part­ner or kids.

In spite of these prob­lems, three out ten work­ing moms won’t hire some­one to help because they feel guilty about not being to han­dle things by themselves.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Why Some Sports Fans Turn to Vandalism Even After a Win

Josh Edelson/AFP/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — Win­ners are gen­er­ally more aggres­sive than the losers, accord­ing to at least one psy­chol­o­gist, so he was not sur­prised when cel­e­bra­tions turned vio­lent in San Fran­cisco after the Giants won the World Series Wednesday.

This is not uncom­mon after many major sport­ing events,” said Brad Bush­man, a pro­fes­sor of com­mu­ni­ca­tion and psy­chol­ogy at the Ohio State Uni­ver­sity School of Communication.

Peo­ple who feel they have “won” some­times like to boast or cel­e­brate that vic­tory, he said, though the vic­tory can end with their try­ing to dimin­ish the loser in order to feel better.

Social iden­tity the­ory shows that peo­ple like to take pride in the groups they belong to,” Bush­man said. “But often peo­ple think to make them­selves feel bet­ter they have to stomp down those who belong to other groups.”

After the Giants won the World Series for the third time in five years, some of their fans took to the streets imme­di­ately after the game near the base­ball sta­dium where the team plays to cel­e­brate with cheers and in some cases prop­erty damage.

Police in riot gear took to the streets and used tear gas to get fans to disperse.

Forty peo­ple were arrested Wednes­day night, accord­ing to the San Fran­cisco Chron­i­cle, which reported Thurs­day after­noon that police said three peo­ple were booked for alleged assault and two for ille­gal gun possession.

Police said many of those arrested were from out­side San Francisco.

One local mer­chant, Kim Jung, 57, com­plained to the news­pa­per about the graf­fiti scrawled out­side his diner. “I’m lucky there wasn’t any bro­ken win­dows,” he said.

Speak­ing of the van­dal­ism, he asked, “Why is it like that?”

Experts cite crowds as a con­tribut­ing fac­tor, say­ing anonymity allows peo­ple to feel like they can do some­thing ille­gal or dan­ger­ous and not be caught.

It’s a group con­ta­gion effect,” said Stan­ley Teit­el­baum, a psy­chol­o­gist and psy­chother­a­pist in New York. “When they’re part of a group, then they’re more prone and more likely to join in and let that aggres­sive side of themselves.”

Teit­el­baum said an intense game, like the final game at the World Series, can result in peo­ple search­ing for a release through destruc­tive behavior.

Inter­nally, peo­ple are psy­cho­log­i­cally and emo­tion­ally build­ing up a lot of inten­sity and ten­sion,” he said. “It becomes an oppor­tu­nity or an excuse to let all this out.”

Teit­el­baum said peo­ple may start out think­ing they’re doing some­thing minor, but that it can quickly spi­ral out of control.

You start to rock a car and you don’t nec­es­sar­ily mean to get it turned over,” Teit­el­baum said. “You’re express­ing an aggres­sive feeling.”

While a World Series win can lead to height­ened emo­tions, they’re not always pos­i­tive, accord­ing to experts.

Fredrick Koenig, for­mer pro­fes­sor of social psy­chol­ogy at Tulane Uni­ver­sity in New Orleans, said for some peo­ple extreme hap­pi­ness can turn into extreme aggression.

This is an aspect of crowd behav­ior and it’s called ‘exci­ta­tion trans­fer’; one part of your brain gets excited and it trans­fers over to aggres­sion,” Koenig told ABC News.

Koenig said if the excite­ment trans­mits to aggres­sion, being in a crowd with a lot of other like-minded peo­ple is not a good place to be.

In crowds, the rules aren’t there any­more; [peo­ple] start doing things that are not nor­ma­tive,” he said.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

How an Antifreeze Ingredient Led to a Whiskey Recall in Europe

Jag_cz/iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — The over­seas recall of a batch of U.S. whiskey imported to three Scan­di­na­vian coun­tries has focused new atten­tion on an ingre­di­ent that has long been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Admin­is­tra­tion for use i…

 

New York City 'Actively Monitoring' 117 People for Ebola

VILevi/iStockphoto/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — New York City is mon­i­tor­ing 117 peo­ple for pos­si­ble Ebola, most of them peo­ple who arrived on com­mer­cial flights from West Africa over the past 19 days.

Those being mon­i­tored include peo­ple who cared for a New York doc­tor who tested pos­i­tive for Ebola after treat­ing patients in West Africa.

The doc­tor, Craig Allen Spencer, was placed in an iso­la­tion unit last week at Belle­vue Hos­pi­tal after report­ing Ebola-like symptoms.

The list also includes Belle­vue Hos­pi­tal staff tak­ing care of Dr. Spencer, FDNY EMS staff who trans­ported Dr. Spencer to Belle­vue, the lab work­ers who con­ducted Dr. Spencer’s blood test, and the three peo­ple who had direct con­tact with Dr. Spencer prior to his arrival at Belle­vue and who are cur­rently under city quar­an­tine,” said Marti Adams, a spokesman for New York City Mayor Bill de Bla­sio said.

Most of those mon­i­tored, how­ever, were iden­ti­fied through stepped up screen­ing pro­to­cols at John F. Kennedy Inter­na­tional Air­port, which began on Oct. 11.

The vast major­ity of these indi­vid­u­als [being mon­i­tored] are trav­el­ers arriv­ing in New York City since Oct. 11 from the three Ebola-affected coun­tries who are being mon­i­tored post-arrival,” Adams said.

Spencer, 33, was treat­ing Ebola patients in Guinea for Doc­tors With­out Bor­ders, accord­ing to the offi­cials. Guinea is one of the West African coun­tries cur­rently bat­tling an Ebola outbreak.

Spencer is the fourth patient to be diag­nosed with Ebola in the United States. Thomas Eric Dun­can, a Liber­ian national, tested pos­i­tive for the virus at the end of Sep­tem­ber in Dal­las, where he infected two nurses who cared for him: Nina Pham and Amber Vinson.

Dun­can died on Oct. 8. Vin­son and Pham have both been dis­charged and are Ebola-free.

Spencer is the only remain­ing Amer­i­can Ebola patient still bat­tling the virus in the United States. Belle­vue Hos­pi­tal released a state­ment on Thurs­day say­ing that he remains in seri­ous but sta­ble condition.

The hos­pi­tal also noted that a 5-year-old child who tested neg­a­tive for Ebola on Mon­day was dis­charged on Thursday.

Spencer’s diag­no­sis prompted sev­eral states to toughen their quar­an­tine rules, lead­ing to the con­tro­versy sur­round­ing Ebola nurse Nancy Hickox, who is refus­ing to abide by vol­un­tary quar­an­tine rules in Maine.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio