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Jill Dillard from '19 Kids and Counting' Talks Her Natural Birth Plan

TLC(NEW YORK) — It’s four months away from the expected arrival of “Baby Dilly” in March.

But 19 Kids and Count­ing stars Der­ick, 25, and Jill Dil­lard, 23, are already get­ting ready to be the best par­ents they can be.

I am learn­ing a lot about birth,” Der­ick told Peo­ple mag­a­zine ear­lier this week. “We are doing our home­work together, and I keep read­ing new things, the med­ical aspects are fas­ci­nat­ing to me.”

Jill added about the birth plan, “We are really on the same page. The more Der­ick learns about birth, the more he feels that nat­ural child­birth makes sense. … Derick’s great at help­ing me with relax­ation, and really good and supportive.”

The cou­ple also keep a jour­nal to one day share with their son.

Also, Jill — who’s doing pre­na­tal work­outs — said, “After the hol­i­days, we’ll get started on the nursery.”

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Why Kourtney Kardashian Won’t Be Getting a Baby Nurse

Tim­o­thy White/ E!(LOS ANGELES) — With her third child on the way, Kourt­ney Kar­dashian will cer­tainly have her hands full, but don’t look for the real­ity star to hire any extra help.

I love doing every­thing myself at the begin­ning,” Kar­dashian, 35, told the December-January issue of Fit Preg­nancy.

I’m not get­ting a baby nurse. I take two months off and no one is allowed to bother me or talk to me about any­thing work-related, or maybe three months this time.”

Instead, the fash­ion designer and mother of daugh­ter Pene­lope Scot­land, 2, and son Mason Dash, soon to be 5, will spend the first months bond­ing with her new baby, includ­ing breast-feeding.

I nursed Mason for 14 months and Pene­lope for 16, and I loved it,” she told the mag­a­zine. “It was built-in time that the two of us could share alone every day. I didn’t have any goals or expectations.”

Kar­dashian does expect, though, to bounce back quickly after her deliv­ery, just like she did with her first two.

Both were really easy. I actu­ally pulled both babies out of me!” she told Fit Preg­nancy. “I was out of the hos­pi­tal so fast both times because I just wanted to get home. I stayed in my paja­mas for 30 days and kept the house really quiet.”

Said the busy work­ing mom, “It’s the only time I feel I have that excuse to shut every­one out and shut every­thing off. That time is a gift.”

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Company Creates Tiny Livers with 3-D Printer to Test Drugs

Organovo(SAN DIEGO) — A San Diego com­pany has cre­ated human liver tis­sue with a 3-D printer designed to be used by drug com­pa­nies for testing.

The feat achieved by Organovo may seem like sci­ence fic­tion but more and more researchers and sci­en­tists have been exam­in­ing how 3-D print­ers can be used to “cre­ate” human tis­sue for research purposes.

The “tiny liv­ers” are “bio­printed” with a spe­cially designed 3-D printer and are com­posed mainly of three kinds of human liver cells, the com­pany announced this week. In the­ory the tis­sue will allow drug com­pa­nies to test out new med­ica­tion on liver tis­sue before they go to human trials.

The tis­sue is tech­ni­cally too small to be called an organ but the small tis­sue will func­tion sim­i­larly to a real human liver and can live for at least 40 days, accord­ing to Organovo.

Keith Mur­phy, CEO of Organovo, said the tis­sue could be help­ful in devel­op­ing drugs.

Pharma com­pa­nies can use our bio­printed liver tis­sue to weed out toxic drugs early in drug devel­op­ment rather than after they have failed expen­sive clin­i­cal tri­als,” Mur­phy said in a statement.

Michael Renard, the company’s exec­u­tive vice pres­i­dent com­mer­cial oper­a­tions, said the tis­sue is devel­oped by get­ting the cells from reg­u­lated sources, includ­ing cadav­ers, and then processed into “bio-ink.”

After being printed in a spe­cific pat­tern to mimic the make-up of a human liver, the tis­sues matures over three days before it can be used.

The main goal of pro­vid­ing a three-dimensional engi­neered human tis­sue is to have some­thing “that behaves biochemically…like a human organ,” said Renard.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Biz Markie on Why He Lost 140 Pounds: 'I Wanted to Live'

Kevin Winter/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — Just two months ago, Biz Markie revealed that he’d lost around 140 pounds after focus­ing on his health. The rap icon was diag­nosed with type 2 dia­betes three years ago and real­ized he needed to make a change.

I wanted to live,” Markie, 50, told ABC News. “Since I have to be a dia­betic, If I didn’t make the changes, it was going to make the dia­betes worse. I’m try­ing to get off [the Dia­betes meds]. The way you gotta do it is lose the weight. I’m off half my meds, I just got to get off the rest.”

Markie said doc­tors were straight­for­ward when he was diag­nosed and said if he didn’t shape up, the results could be terrible.

They said I could lose my feet,” he said. “They said I could lose body parts. A lot of things could happen.”

Markie said he’s feel­ing great and spoke to ABC as part of his col­lab­o­ra­tion with Zevia, a zero-calorie soda that he mixes into his diet.

Instead of drink­ing reg­u­lar soda, I drink Zevia to make you believia!” he joked. “I love that there’s alter­na­tives to eat­ing, because I want to live.”

Markie said right now he’s on tour, but in 2015, he plans to drop even more weight.

I’m main­tain­ing but I think at the begin­ning of the year, I’m going to try and get down another 10 pounds,” he added.

But don’t expect Biz to gain any weight back just because he’s on tour.

On the Yo Gabba Gabba! Tour, we eat organic,” he said, adding that lit­tle changes like turkey bacon with eggs for break­fast keeps him healthy. He also keeps the por­tions down.

I don’t pig out,” he said, adding that he mostly does car­dio for his workouts.

Markie also said that he has so much more energy now after shed­ding so much weight.

When I used to be on stage, I used to be out of breath, I couldn’t walk that far,” he said. “Now, I got so much energy. I can do a whole show.”

Markie is an icon, with close friends like Will Smith, who have been on his back for years to lose the weight. Markie said back in the early 2000s, Smith bet him on the set of Men in Black 2 to get him to lose the weight.

It’s a great feel­ing that they care, but it’s bet­ter to win the bet,” he said, laughing.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Birthday Years Ending in 9 Prompt Big Life Decisions, Study Shows

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Peo­ple whose ages end in 9 tend to be more likely to seek extra­mar­i­tal affairs, run marathons and com­mit sui­cide com­pared with those whose ages ended in other dig­its, accord­ing to a new study.

Researchers at New York University’s Stern School of Busi­ness and Uni­ver­sity of California’s Ander­son School of Man­age­ment con­ducted six stud­ies to see how peo­ple in the last year of their 20s, 30s, 40s and 50s changed their behavior.

They found that peo­ple they’ve nick­named “9-enders” — peo­ple who were 29, 39, 49 or 59 — were more likely than oth­ers to reflect on their lives and make big changes, accord­ing to the study pub­lished in the jour­nal Pro­ceed­ings of the National Acad­emy of Sci­ences.

When peo­ple are fac­ing these new decades, that’s when they start to step back and ques­tion essen­tially the mean­ing­ful­ness of their lives,” said study co-author Hal Her­sh­field, a mar­ket­ing pro­fes­sor at UCLA who was trained as an exper­i­men­tal social psy­chol­o­gist. “We’re not say­ing peo­ple don’t do that at other points in their lives. Just that it’s par­tic­u­larly likely to hap­pen dur­ing life transitions.”

Her­sh­field and his co-author Adam Alter came up with the idea for their study while dis­cussing greet­ing cards and the big deal peo­ple make around enter­ing new decades of their lives.

It’s not like any­thing offi­cially changes,” Her­sh­field said. “It’s not like you got mar­ried or you can drive now or you’re Bar Mitzvahed.”

Yet they wanted to study how much mean­ing is attached to these mile­stones, par­tic­u­larly for peo­ple about to cross into their 30s, 40s, 50s or 60s. So they used data from the U.S. Cen­ters for Dis­ease Con­trol and Pre­ven­tion as well as data from extra­mar­i­tal affairs site AshleyMadison.com and ath­lete site Athlinks.com.

Chief of psy­chol­ogy at Uni­ver­sity Hos­pi­tals Case Med­ical Cen­ter Jeff Janata, who was not involved in this research, called the study “clever” because it uses actu­ar­ial data to exam­ine a “psy­cho­log­i­cal truth.”

I think that peo­ple use decades and the cross­ing from one decade into the next as a marker, a time to reflect on the state of their lives. I think it’s very com­mon,” he said. “What we’re really talk­ing about is antic­i­pa­tion more than we are arrival.”

On the one hand, Her­sh­field and Alter rea­soned that peo­ple could react neg­a­tively to their impend­ing mile­stone birth­days by com­mit­ting sui­cide or seek­ing extra­mar­i­tal affairs. On the other, they could set a healthy goal, like run­ning a marathon. They found 9-enders were more likely to do all of these.

And 9-enders ran faster marathons than peo­ple two years older or younger than they were, prov­ing they trained harder, accord­ing to the study.

A lot of dif­fer­ent fac­tors go into the deci­sion to run marathon, com­mit adul­tery or end one’s life,” Her­sh­field said. “We wouldn’t expect just fac­ing down the bar­rel of their 40s, 50s would be enough to change it dras­ti­cally, but it changes it some­what enough that we could pick up on it statistically.”

His co-author, Alter, said he hopes the study gives casual read­ers pause to think about why they’re mak­ing the changes in their lives.

In gen­eral, it’s easy to get caught up in big mile­stones, par­tic­u­larly as we age — but of course there’s no real dif­fer­ence between turn­ing 30 and turn­ing 29 or 31,” he said. “Our cul­ture empha­sizes years like 30, 40, 50, and 60, but we shouldn’t let that shape how we live our lives.”

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

Texting the Wrong Way Is a Real Pain in the Neck -- and Shoulders

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — Some experts will tell you that it’s not what you text that might be bad for your health but how you text.

A study in the jour­nal Sur­gi­cal Tech­nol­ogy Inter­na­tional exam­ined the ways peo­ple stand when in the act of tex­ting and how it affects the nat­ural curve of the cer­vi­cal spine located right above your shoulders.

Sim­ply tip­ping your head at a 60-degree angle to read or send a text puts 60 pounds of pres­sure on the cer­vi­cal spine, which is incred­i­ble when you think that the typ­i­cal head only weights ten-to-12 pounds.

Study author Dr. Ken­neth K. Han­sraj, chief of Spine Surgery at New York Spine Surgery & Reha­bil­i­ta­tion Med­i­cine, says that the best way to text is by keep­ing the head in an upright posi­tion and rais­ing the phone upwards. Even mov­ing it down­wards just 15 degrees puts 27 pounds of pres­sure on the cer­vi­cal spine.

Mak­ing the effort will take some prac­tice but it’s well worth it, accord­ing to Han­sraj, since con­stantly hunch­ing over hour after hour could lead to headaches, neck pain and even pos­si­bly surgery to repair the cer­vi­cal spine worn down by so much added pressure.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

This Giant Treadmill Holds 10 Runners at Once

Oxford Fit­ness(NEW YORK) — With all 50 states inch­ing below the freez­ing mark this week, run­ners are hit­ting the tread­mill in droves. Now, 10 indoor ath­letes can hop on the same tread­mill all at once, thanks to this extra-large mill designed by Chilean com­pany, Oxford Fitness.

The gar­gan­tuan tread­mill is built on a scale four times larger than a “run of the mill” machine. It is 5 meters high, 3 meters wide and 6 meters long. Speed increases in incre­ments of just over half a mile per hour all the way up to roughly 10 miles per hour, or a 6-minute per mile pace.

Scott Dou­glas, the senior con­tent edi­tor for Runner’s World mag­a­zine, said it was not entirely clear how users reach the con­trol but­tons. The com­pany could not imme­di­ately be reached for com­ment, but a video shows some­one on a lad­der hit­ting the controls.

Over the week­end, Oxford plans to host a pair of two-hour races on the machine in San­ti­ago, Chile, accord­ing to Douglas.

For the first of two races, the treadmill’s speed will be set at a steady 6 miles per hour to test sta­mina. Dur­ing the sec­ond race things get a lit­tle more inter­est­ing: Dou­glas said that orga­niz­ers will grad­u­ally edge up the pace so that run­ners who can’t keep up get ejected off the back. The last run­ner remain­ing upright and on board will be declared the winner.

Dou­glas, a 60 mile a week run­ner who owns a tread­mill he hardly ever uses, said he didn’t think the XL tread­mill was the worst idea.

When you run out­doors with a friend, you nat­u­rally lock into a pace so I don’t see why it would be a big deal to do the same on a tread­mill,” he said.

Oxford Fit­ness and its cre­ative part­ner, 10:10, plan a national tour with the machine and hope to lure Erwin Valdeben­ito, the Chilean holder of a Guin­ness World Record for run­ning 24 hours non-stop on a reg­u­lar tread­mill, to super-size his efforts on their mill.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio

 

How Zero Gravity Affects Men and Women Differently

NASA(NEW YORK) — With an upcom­ing mis­sion to Mars, NASA is study­ing the ways that liv­ing in space affects both men and women.

In a study pub­lished this month in Jour­nal of Women’s Health, researchers from NASA and National Space Bio­med­ical Research Insti­tute (NSBRI) went through decades of data to under­stand how liv­ing in zero grav­ity takes a toll on both men and women.

The team reviewed data on the 534 peo­ple to have flown in space at the time of the study, includ­ing 57 women, and stud­ied car­dio­vas­cu­lar, repro­duc­tive, mus­cu­loskele­tal, immuno­log­i­cal and behav­ioral health.

Changes in zero grav­ity included worse vision prob­lems among some men, cal­cium loss for both sexes, and for some female astro­nauts an inabil­ity to stand for long peri­ods with­out faint­ing after land­ing back on Earth, accord­ing to the study.

Dr. Sar­a­lyn Mark, a lead author on the study and a senior med­ical adviser at NASA, told ABC News that one ongo­ing prob­lem for those fly­ing in space is that the eye and even eye­ball can be affected by zero gravity.

While only a small por­tion of astro­nauts were stud­ied, 82 per­cent of male astro­nauts, or 14 out of 17, were found to have suf­fered from changes to their vision that researchers called visual impair­ment intracra­nial pres­sure, or VIIP.

They called the impair­ment “one of the most seri­ous spaceflight-related health risks.”

While a large major­ity of the male astro­nauts had a prob­lem, sta­tis­ti­cally fewer women were struck with the same symp­toms. Only 62 per­cent, or five out of eight female astro­nauts, reported the same symp­toms and none had as severe symp­toms as some of the male astro­nauts. Researchers were exam­in­ing if the women’s age, hor­mones or vas­cu­lar health helped them fare bet­ter in space.

While male astro­nauts bat­tled to keep their eye­sight, female astro­nauts have faced other dif­fi­cul­ties back on terra firma. Female astro­nauts were more likely to faint while stand­ing when they ini­tially come back to Earth, the study found.

Causes for these faint­ing inci­dents could range from a loss of plasma vol­ume in space to the dif­fer­ent ways men and women’s car­dio­vas­cu­lar sys­tems react to stress, Mark said.

Some have fainted, some feel like they’re going to faint,” Mark said of the female astro­nauts. “If you’re going to Mars, you need to be able to leave your space vehi­cle and per­form your duties.”

In other cases, both men and women have faced sim­i­lar prob­lems, includ­ing “space motion sick­ness.” Women in space tend to report more motion sick­ness as they leave Earth and enter the space sta­tion, whereas men report feel­ing queasy more often as they return to Earth, the study found.

By review­ing the find­ings, NASA sci­en­tists are hop­ing to develop devices or med­ica­tion for spe­cific prob­lems faced by both men and women as they travel into space or even to Mars, Mark said.

It’s not a ques­tion of who is bet­ter equipped but really design­ing spe­cific mea­sures to pro­tect men and women,” Mark said.

Dr. Bette Sigel, exec­u­tive sec­re­tary for NASA’s Human Explo­ration and Oper­a­tions Com­mit­tee and a co-author of the study, said it’s impor­tant to rec­og­nize dif­fer­ences between female and male astro­nauts to ensure that appro­pri­ate and tai­lored steps are taken to pro­tect the health of every­one in space.

The real point is if we are plan­ning to fly both men and women on long dura­tion [space­flights] we want to make sure that the coun­ter­mea­sures work for both men and women,” Sigel said.

Fol­low @ABCNewsRadio
Copy­right 2014 ABC News Radio