About PTSD

When peo­ple usu­ally think of PTSD (Post Trau­matic Stress Dis­or­der), they might think of sol­diers hav­ing men­tal prob­lems when they return from war. While there is truth in that idea, PTSD affects more than just sol­diers. Here is some infor­ma­tion about it.

PTSD can hap­pen to any­one that has a trau­matic expe­ri­ence, such as rape, abuse, kid­nap­ping, car acci­dents, liv­ing through a nat­ural dis­as­ter, or loss of a loved one. With this, their nat­ural “flight-or-fight” reac­tion doesn’t act nor­mally, so peo­ple become fear­ful in non-threatening situations.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Flash­backs (men­tal, emo­tional, and phys­i­cal reactions)
  • Bad dreams
  • Avoid­ing places and things so they don’t trig­ger flashbacks
  • Feel­ing numb, guilty, depressed, anx­ious, tense, or angry
  • Eas­ily startled
  • Hav­ing trou­ble sleeping

Diag­no­sis and Treatment

  • To be diag­nosed, a per­son must have avoid­ance symp­toms, some kind of reoc­cur­ring flash­back or bad dreams, and feel­ing tense, hav­ing trou­ble sleep­ing, or being eas­ily startled.
  • Two main treat­ments are psy­chother­apy and tak­ing med­ica­tions that are anti­de­pres­sants, like ser­tra­line or paroxetine.